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The musical is based during the 1940’s after the end of World War II. With the enactment of the bracero program in 1942 (where Mexico and the US had formed an alliance to send Mexican workers to work the US farmland while US troops were shipped off to fight the war abroad), Mexico City began to flourish.

There was a dramatic increase in private land ownership, which prompted the partido revolcionario de Mexico to change their name to the partido revolucionario institutional. This marked the end of the Mexican revolution. The new Mexican President, Miguel Valdes, was elected soon after the end of WWII. Hopes were high, however inflation grew and wages had to be suppressed throughout the country. This dealt a devastating blow to the working class, which further increased the gap between the rich and the poor. Labor unions and rural populations in the country were given less and less consideration while government corruption grew rampant. Reports of kickbacks and enrichment of many officials began to circulate, and resentment among the poor continuously grew against the government and the upper class. The people could not rely on their politicians or police for help. To them, they were on their own. This was a time ripe for Mexico's gangland to prosper. Mexican gangsters called "Los Pachucos" dominated the criminal underworld and thoroughly enjoyed all the fruits of their labor. One indulgence that captivated all, was going out to local nightclubs to drink and dance the night away into the early morning. One notable hot spot was the famed "Salon Mexico," where they would gather to drink and dance to musical genres like El Danzo and The Mambo. 

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